Almost everybody is aware of the term “AIDS”. The question is how many of them actually know about what AIDS really is. Understanding AIDS and HIV is what that can help you become more supportive of those who have diagnosed with the disease, reducing the chance for you getting infected.
At MWA International, we have taken an initiative to spread awareness about this disease. In fact, HIV consultants in Australia are constantly trying to help people know more about it so that the cases of infection gets reduced.
What is HIV or AIDS?
HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus, the term sometimes refer to the ‘virus’ itself or the infection caused by the virus. Whereas AIDS stands for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, which is the last stage of HIV infection.
The HIV virus generally attacks functional cells (T or CD4 cells) in the immune system of your body. These T cells are meant to protect your body by fighting off infections. Since the HIV virus destroys T cells, it gets hard for your body to combat the infection. This is how one’s body gets infected while eventually leading it to AIDS.
How the virus spreads?
Transmission of the virus generally occurs via contact with body fluids of someone having HIV. The fluids are:
The commonest form of transmission is sharing the same drug injection equipment or having sex with someone who has HIV. IN some cases, mothers can also cause infection by passing on the virus to their child during pregnancy, breastfeeding, childbirth. However, if the infected person receives proper medication and treatment, chances are high that he or she will recover.
If you want to decrease the risk of getting infected with the virus, following these practices can be of major help:
Treatment of HIV
Currently, there is no cure for HIV. However, people having HIV can live a longer and healthier life if proper treatment is done. Proper treatment of HIV greatly reduces the risk of virus transmission.